When it comes to saltwater aquariums, suddenly things become complicated. So many factors to consider – salinity, alkalinity, temperature, waves – you name it!

But people are keeping reef for a long time now. With a bit of patience and right piece of information it is quite easy I must say.

Then comes the challenging part. All information are available in the internet, but in a scattered way. Not to mention, there is a good amount of wrong info circulating as well.

This inspired me to create this ultimate reef aquarium guide. I am an aquarist to the core and it gives me immense pleasure to create an underwater ecosystem, be it freshwater or saltwater.

I am not putting my self in the position of someone superior in the aquarist community. I am still struggling and learning new things. And all through my journey I want to share the knowledge with my fellow aquarists.

Now lets dive deep into the topic – how to create a successful saltwater reef aquarium without doing much mistake (at least the ones I made)!

CHAPTER 1:
Choosing Your Aquarium And Selecting Your Fishes

Choosing your aquarium depends on personal preference. There are wide varieties of aquariums available in the market and you can even make your own custom size. Before buying a fish tank first you should decide what you will be keeping in it.

As our focus is to create a reef tank we should be even more careful while selecting the fishes. All species are not reef safe. Let’s checkout the options we have.

What Type Of Aquarium Is Right For You | Fish Tank Selection Guide

What Type Of Aquarium Is Right For You | Fish Tank Selection Guide

The success in the aquarium hobby requires research, learning, and patience. Most people do not spend time researching and discovering the current aquarium choices at home. Due to lack of research, many people have failed to maintain an aquarium successfully. Every year, thousands of new fish keepers will discover the natural wonders of the aquarium….

CHAPTER 2:
List Of Necessary Equipment And Selecting the Best Ones

To create and maintain a successful reef aquarium there are possibly hundred of items that you can buy. But all these are not mandatory. Some will make your life easy, some are good to have and some are just fancy stuff. Let me compile the must have items first –

  1. Filtration System
  2. Lighting For Your Coral Reef
  3. Protein Skimmer
  4. Heater
  5. Chiller
  6. Wave Maker
  7. Reactors
  8. Refugium
  9. RO/DI System
  10. Auto Top Off
  11. Dosing Pump
Why You Should Install A Refugium In Your Saltwater Aquarium

Why You Should Install A Refugium In Your Saltwater Aquarium

The growth of microorganisms such as copepods, amphipods or macroalgae in your saltwater aquarium can be hard especially if you have a large or growing fish population. The microorganisms have no chance of thriving in an environment with a huge population of predators. Yet they are crucial if you want to create a natural habitat…

CHAPTER 3:
Make It Salty And Test The Water Parameters

Ah the obvious part of a saltwater reef tank – to make it salty. We have got the list of necessary equipment, so lets talk about reef salts and how to mix it for your salt water aquarium. Our prime target is to create an environment which replicates the ocean. So we need to control the water parameters and get them tested time to time. Success of your reef tank depends mostly on it.

How To Mix Saltwater For A Marine or Reef Aquarium

How To Mix Saltwater For A Marine or Reef Aquarium

Always dreamed of a nice marine aquarium? Don’t know how to get started? Don’t worry. Follow my six-step instruction, and you’ll have a saltwater mix for your reef tank in no time. But before we jump into the salt-mixing part let us know some important facts and chemistry about sea water. To replicate a piece…

CHAPTER 4:
Live Rock, Live Sand And Cycling Your Reef Tank

You need to select your preferred live rock. Cure the rock. Choose the sand for your reef tank and start the cycling process. In saltwater aquarium the beneficial bacteria colony grows inside the live rock and deep inside the sand bed. So they are very important for your reef tank.

Live Sand For Your Reef Tank: Ultimate Sand Guide

Live Sand For Your Reef Tank: Ultimate Sand Guide

Whether you’re just getting started with a new reef tank, or you already have a tank and are looking for ways to optimize the way it works, live sand can be of help in creating the perfect environment for the inhabitants of your marine aquarium. In this article, I’ll explain a few things about live…

How To Cycle A Saltwater Aquarium or Reef Tank

How To Cycle A Saltwater Aquarium or Reef Tank

According to the 2017-2018 survey on pet ownership by the American Pet Products Association (APPA), 2.5 million Americans own saltwater fish. Even though this number is very low compared to the 12.5 million freshwater fish owners, it is still a big number. If you own a saltwater aquarium or a reef tank, then you must…

CHAPTER 5:
Fish Selection And Stocking Guide

At this point you have a cycled tank and it is ready to add fish. We already know what type of fish we should keep but again here are some popular options and also how to quarantine them properly before adding to the main display tank.

How to Quarantine Saltwater Fish: Step By Step Guide

How to Quarantine Saltwater Fish: Step By Step Guide

If you’re interested in keeping an aquarium in your home, then you need to know the basic rules and regulations of fish keeping. Don’t just get too excited after setting up your nano reef tank. To make sure that marine life stays healthy, you need to consider quarantining the fish. In this article, we’ll be…

10 Best Saltwater Fish For Beginners

10 Best Saltwater Fish For Beginners

There are quite many saltwater fishes that you can possibly keep in your Aquarium. It, however, doesn’t mean that all saltwater fishes are compatible. If you are a beginner then, you should be extra careful about the fishes you keep. This is due to the fact that saltwater fishes can be more difficult to take…

CHAPTER 6:
Adding Corals To Your Reef Tank

It is your personal preference which type of coral you want to keep. You can go for mixed reef as well but please remember that different corals have different requirements, be it light or nutrients. You need to acclimate the corals while adding to the tank and ensure proper nutrition for them.

10 Easy & Best LPS Corals For Beginners

10 Easy & Best LPS Corals For Beginners

Seas and Oceans all around the world have millions of corals. There are many species of corals around the world and it’s estimated that only a small percentage of them have been documented. There are quite many types of Corals that you can buy. There are corals that need a lot of water to live…

CHAPTER 7:
Maintenance Tips And Handling Common Issues

Maintaining a saltwater tank is an ongoing process that requires patience and dedication. You need to keep checking the water parameters, dose regularly to ensure healthy growth of you fish & coral and also firefight issues like aiptasia or different types of algae like red slime or cyanobacteria. This section will be updated frequently to cover all common issues and how to handle them.

How to Get Rid of Aiptasia Anemone from saltwater aquarium

How to Get Rid of Aiptasia Anemone from saltwater aquarium

Aiptasia Anemone; an enemy to all aquarists. It reeks of despair and destruction. For this blood-thirsty parasite, your habitual aquarium is an oasis. Their ruthless assault is enough to drive any tank enthusiast nuts. As an enemy, it attacks in large numbers and surrounds the whole tank, harming all its habitat. These vicious creatures multiply…

Red Slime Algae in Reef Tank: Causes & Solutions

Red Slime Algae in Reef Tank: Causes & Solutions

Aquariums around the world display beautiful marine life. It makes it easier for people who are not able to scuba dive enjoy the vivid beauty of the sea. Likewise, aquariums are fun for both adults and children; however, if we cannot see what is on display, then where’s the fun in that? If your reef…

A Step By Step Guide To Fragging Mushroom Corals

A Step By Step Guide To Fragging Mushroom Corals

As an aquarist, we understand how tricky it is to manage all the marine species. Although there are many hacks or tricks for maintenance, you need to know when to apply the techniques so that your aquarium is in excellent condition. And today, we will be discussing one such essential technique that can help you…

A Step by Step Guide To Fragging Zoas

A Step by Step Guide To Fragging Zoas

Fragging is one of the primary hobbies and also a source of income for any reef enthusiast. No one wants to ignore the possibility of a few extra bucks, right? Even if you are not an experienced reefer and you wish to begin reefing, then zoanthids are one of the easiest corals that you can…

How To Frag Corals: The Definitive Guide

How To Frag Corals: The Definitive Guide

One thing that pops into our mind when talking about frags is grenades. So, let us clear out the air; we are not talking about crazy war equipment; instead, we are discussing about fragging corals and how to do that by yourself. Most of you probably have limited knowledge of aquarium and corals; however, it…

Hope this guide will be helpful for your reef tank journey. Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment section and I will be happy to answer them as best as I can. Best of luck!