When it comes to saltwater aquariums, suddenly things become complicated. So many factors to consider – salinity, alkalinity, temperature, waves – you name it!

But people are keeping reef for a long time now. With a bit of patience and right piece of information it is quite easy I must say.

Then comes the challenging part. All information are available in the internet, but in a scattered way. Not to mention, there is a good amount of wrong info circulating as well.

This inspired me to create this ultimate reef aquarium guide. I am an aquarist to the core and it gives me immense pleasure to create an underwater ecosystem, be it freshwater or saltwater.

I am not putting my self in the position of someone superior in the aquarist community. I am still struggling and learning new things. And all through my journey I want to share the knowledge with my fellow aquarists.

Now lets dive deep into the topic – how to create a successful saltwater reef aquarium without doing much mistake (at least the ones I made)!

Choosing Your Aquarium And Selecting Your Fishes

Choosing your aquarium depends on personal preference. There are wide varieties of aquariums available in the market and you can even make your own custom size. Before buying a fish tank first you should decide what you will be keeping in it.

As our focus is to create a reef tank we should be even more careful while selecting the fishes. All species are not reef safe. Let’s checkout the options we have.

Choosing A Fish Tank

What Type Of Aquarium Is Right For You: [Fish Tank Selection Guide]

The success in the aquarium hobby requires research, learning, and patience. Most people do not spend time researching and discovering the current aquarium choices at home. Due to lack of research, many people have failed to maintain an aquarium successfully. Every year, thousands of new fish keepers will discover the natural wonders of the aquarium….

List Of Necessary Equipment And Selecting the Best Ones

To create and maintain a successful reef aquarium there are possibly hundred of items that you can buy. But all these are not mandatory. Some will make your life easy, some are good to have and some are just fancy stuff. Let me compile the must have items first –

  1. Filtration System
  2. Lighting For Your Coral Reef
  3. Protein Skimmer
  4. Heater
  5. Chiller
  6. Wave Maker
  7. Reactors
  8. Refugium
  9. RO/DI System
  10. Auto Top Off
  11. Dosing Pump
best aquarium media reactor

Selecting The Best Aquarium Media Reactor: Everything You Need to Know

Maintaining an aquarium (saltwater or freshwater) is a tedious task. It requires constant attention and effort from the keeper. And sometimes, despite all your effort, all can quickly go south! At times, even the premium aquarium filters have a hard time maintaining the environment of your tank. Chances are, you tried several alternatives. However, the…

Best Rodi System For Aquarium

Best Reverse Osmosis De-Ionized (RO/DI) System for Saltwater and Reef Aquarium: [Reviews, Buyer’s Guide, Maintenance Tips]

If you’ve set up your reef aquarium, you’re probably smitten by its aesthetics. Well, it is our painful duty to inform you that if you want this beauty to last, you’ll need an RO/DI (reverse osmosis) system. (But I’ve already spent a considerable amount on my aquarium!!) We understand. Saltwater tanks are costlier than their…

Best Dosing Pump For Aquarium

5 Best Dosing Pumps Reviews: Automate Your Freshwater Planted Tank or Saltwater Reef Aquarium

It takes work to keep an aquarium healthy. From maintaining cleanliness to having a constant supply of fresh water (or saltwater), there are many things you must think about. Whether you are keeping fish, plants or reef, all aquariums also need a constant supply of essential nutrients to keep their inhabitants happy and healthy. Unfortunately,…

Best Calcium Reactor For Reef Aquarium

Top 4 Best Calcium Reactors For Reef Aquarium: [Reviews & Comprehensive Buyer’s Guide]

As we generally link reactors with nuclear reactors, the name ‘calcium reactor’ might seem quite scary if you’re not aware of them. Well, it’s actually not that complicated. It’s a chamber that recirculates water and slowly dissolves calcium carbonate media. Maintaining the water quality of reef aquariums is extremely important. The calcium reactor helps to…

Refugium For Saltwater Tank

What Is A Refugium And Why You Should Install One In Your Saltwater Aquarium

The growth of microorganisms such as copepods, amphipods or macroalgae in your saltwater aquarium can be hard especially if you have a large or growing fish population. The microorganisms have no chance of thriving in an environment with a huge population of predators. Yet they are crucial if you want to create a natural habitat…

Best Aquarium Filters Reviews

Top 10 Best Aquarium Filter: The Complete Guide To Select The Right One (Reviews, Top Picks & Side by Side Comparison)

Aquarium Filters are inseparable components of fish tanks. Without them, the isolated ecosystem of an aquarium will have a hard time trying to stabilize itself. Moreover, those ecosystems most probably won’t be able to come to balance without help at all. And that help is a good fish tank filter. That’s why in the fish-keeping…

Make It Salty And Test The Water Parameters

Ah the obvious part of a saltwater reef tank – to make it salty. We have got the list of necessary equipment, so lets talk about reef salts and how to mix it for your salt water aquarium. Our prime target is to create an environment which replicates the ocean. So we need to control the water parameters and get them tested time to time. Success of your reef tank depends mostly on it.

Best Aquarium Test Kit

Top 5 Best Aquarium Test Kits For Freshwater, Saltwater, And Reef Tanks: [Reviews & Buyer’s Guide]

It goes without saying that if you’re an enthusiast of marine life you should have an aquarium full of fishes at home or at your office. You might think that fishes can survive in the pond or river without anything, so, they could survive in a fish tank without anything but food. That’s not true…

Live Rock, Live Sand And Cycling Your Reef Tank

You need to select your preferred live rock. Cure the rock. Choose the sand for your reef tank and start the cycling process. In saltwater aquarium the beneficial bacteria colony grows inside the live rock and deep inside the sand bed. So they are very important for your reef tank.

Best Sand for Saltwater Aquarium

Top 5 Best Sand for Saltwater Aquarium: [Reviews, Comparison & Buyer’s Guide]

Who doesn’t want his saltwater aquarium to look like a piece of beautiful sea? In fact, when it comes to adorning the bottom layer of your fish tank, aquarium sand is the only substrate that has no other alternatives. Glad to say, this guide has been exclusively designed for those saltwater aquarium enthusiasts who are…

Fish Selection And Stocking Guide

At this point you have a cycled tank and it is ready to add fish. We already know what type of fish we should keep but again here are some popular options and also how to quarantine them properly before adding to the main display tank.

Adding Corals To Your Reef Tank

It is your personal preference which type of coral you want to keep. You can go for mixed reef as well but please remember that different corals have different requirements, be it light or nutrients. You need to acclimate the corals while adding to the tank and ensure proper nutrition for them.

Maintenance Tips And Handling Common Issues

Maintaining a saltwater tank is an ongoing process that requires patience and dedication. You need to keep checking the water parameters, dose regularly to ensure healthy growth of you fish & coral and also firefight issues like aiptasia or different types of algae like red slime or cyanobacteria. This section will be updated frequently to cover all common issues and how to handle them.

Hope this guide will be helpful for your reef tank journey. Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment section and I will be happy to answer them as best as I can. Best of luck!